The history of Scottish farming can be traced back for hundreds of years. Today, the farming industry is the biggest determinant of Scotland’s landscape, with 75% of Scotland’s land mass used for agricultural production.
Livestock production has played a key role in Scotland’s social heritage for centuries, with cattle farming remaining at the heart of rural communities throughout the country. Scottish livestock farms typically remain in the same family, allowing farming skills to be passed down through generations. This includes invaluable knowledge of the terrain and conditions, as well as animal care skills.
Scotland has a proud history of rearing cattle for good quality beef. 70% of the cows in Scotland produce beef, while the remaining 30% of cows are primarily for producing milk. When compared to other parts of Britain where dairy plays a much larger role, it’s easy to see why Scotch Beef has such a good reputation.
Scotland also has a rich diversity of breeds, which, over time, have adapted to the somewhat changeable Scottish climate. Each farm in Scotland will choose the cattle that perform best in their unique environment and landscape. Famous Scottish breeds of beef include the Aberdeen Angus, renowned for its tenderness, flavour and juiciness, and the Highland breed, particularly known for its marbling and succulence.